Healthcare & the Justice System
About 7 million people in America are currently involved in the penal system, which includes jails, prisons, and probation supervision. Over 11 million admissions to jails occur annually, and Black, Latinx and Native American people are disproportionately involved in the justice system. LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) people also experience disproportionate rates of incarceration as well as more frequent mistreatment and sexual victimization in U.S. jails and prisons. Compared to the general population, those involved in the justice system have a higher prevalence of infectious diseases, serious mental illness, substance dependence, and chronic disease.